According to the Health Resources and Services Administration, all but two New Mexico counties have a Health Professional Shortage Area, which is defined as having shortages of primary medical care which may include too few primary care providers, high infant mortality rates, high poverty and/or large elderly population.
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of neonatal sepsis in developed and developing countries around the world. GBS neonatal infection can be classified as either early-onset, which occurs within the first six days of life, or late-onset which occurs between 7–89 days of life.
Vaccine exemption is the governmentally regulated process for formally declining vaccinations required for school or daycare entry. The process varies between states, but typically involves a parent or guardian completing an exemption form on behalf of a child which is then submitted to the relevant health authority for approval or disapproval.