Healthcare Provider Immunization Education & Tools
Proper management and storage of vaccines is critical to maintaining their biological potency. The CDC Vaccine Storage and Handling Toolkit is designed to provide guidance to immunization providers on aspects of vaccine storage and handling, transportation, equipment, standard operating procedures and training for personnel.
- Vaccine Storage & Handling Toolkit
- VFC Vaccine Storage & Handling Guide
Effective vaccination requires adherence to specific protocols for each vaccine that define appropriate routes of administration, numbers of shots needed and intervals between shots, when vaccination is not recommended, and who should not receive them.
The NMDOH Immunization Protocols contains approved protocols for childhood vaccines, including DTaP, Dt, Td, Tdap, inactivated Polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR), Varicella, Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Meningococcal conjugate, Rotavirus, and HPV.
School Kids Influenza Immunization Project
Please see the School Kids Influenza Immunization Project Standing Orders document for more information on standing orders for SKIIP participants.
Addressing Concerns about Vaccines & Autism
Due to media exposure of two flawed medical papers, there is rampant misinformation about vaccines and autism. Parents and guardians need resources to address their questions about this topic. There is no evidence of vaccines causing autism.
Here are some resources for providers, parents, and guardians to get more information:
- Evidence Shows Vaccines Unrelated to Autism
- Vaccines and Autism: What You Should Know
- MMR Vaccine Does Not Cause Autism
- Need Help Responding to Vaccine-Hesitant Parents?
- Vaccine Resources to Share with Parents
Online Training for Medical Assistants
Providers who wish to provide training and updates for Medical Assistants may use an on-line training course on immunizations developed by the California Department of Public Health. Medical Assistants or other staff may register and take courses at EZIZ, the one-stop shop for immunization training and resources.
Medical Assistants or other staff may register and take the courses at the EZIZ website.
Combination Vaccine Usage Guideance
The use of combination vaccines significantly reduces the number of shots that are required to bring a child up to date. However, some providers are confused about the use of combination vaccines.
This Quick Reference for Using Combination Vaccines is developed by the Michigan Immunization Program provides guidance on the use of combination vaccines.
Quality Improvement Activities
Assessment, Feedback, Incentives, and eXchange
Assessment, Feedback, Incentives, and eXchange (AFIX) is a quality improvement strategy to raise immunization coverage levels and improve standards of practices at the provider level. This four-part dynamic strategy stands for Assessment of immunization coverage of public and private providers, Feedback of diagnostic information to improve service delivery, Incentives to recognize and reward improved performance, and eXchange of information among providers.
The Standards for Pediatric Immunization Practices emphasize the use of assessment and feedback techniques, recommending that providers conduct semi-annual audits to assess immunization coverage levels and to review immunization records in the patient populations they serve. The results of such assessments should be discussed by providers as part of their ongoing quality assurance reviews and used to develop solutions to the problems identified.
Visit the Assessment, Feedback, Incentives, and eXchange web page for more information on AFIX.
Clinic Assessment Software Application
The Clinic Assessment Software Application (CASA), now updated as CoCASA, is a tool for assessing immunization coverage rates within a clinic, private practice, or any other environment where immunizations are provided.
After immunization data has been entered into CASA, data analysis capabilities can be utilized to pinpoint strengths and areas of improvement for an individual provider.
Visit the Comprehensive Clinic Assessment Software Application web page for more information or to download the CoCASA software.
Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System
The Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) is a national vaccine safety surveillance program co-sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
VAERS is a post-marketing safety surveillance program, collecting information about adverse events (possible side effects) that occur after the administration of vaccines licensed for use in the United States.
VAERS provides a nationwide mechanism by which adverse events following immunization may be reported, analyzed, and made available to the public. VAERS also provides a vehicle for disseminating vaccine safety-related information to parents and guardians, health care providers, vaccine manufacturers, state vaccine programs, and other constituencies.
You may find the Vaccine Testing and the Approval Process page useful as well.