This report explains how New Mexico’s efforts to prevent sexual violence among youth have shown promising results. Primary prevention through school-based education appears to be effective in changing attitudes and knowledge related to sexual violence.
This was an exploratory analysis to determine if there were neighborhood level risk factors associated with pertussis cases in New Mexico. Overall, incidence de-creased among groups with lower poverty and crowding, particularly for White and Hispanic populations.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also called ObamaCare, was fully implemented on January 1, 2014. The health insurance exchange in New Mexico, BeWellNM, provides the opportunity for enrollment in a health insurance plan. Medicaid, a joint federal and state program, helps with medical costs for those with limited income and resources.
This report presents a comparative analysis of occupational related transportation fatalities in New Mexico for 2013 and 2014 with an emphasis on the improvement of data collection methodology.
Chronic kidney disease is a general term for a group of disorders that affect the structure and function of the kidney. Severity of the disease is determined by either the presence of kidney damage, the amount of albuminuria, or the decrease in kidney function determined by the glomerular filtration rate. Chronic kidney disease is generally associated with age, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and cardiovascular disease.
Multiple indicators of economic disadvantage, or Concentrated Disadvantage, refers to the relative poverty of neighborhoods. In this report, concentrated disadvantage at the census tract level for NM was calculated.
The social determinants of health are social, economic and cultural factors that can influence the ability of a person or a population to live a healthy and fulfilled life. The importance of examining socioeconomic disparities and their relationship with health outcomes, is well established.
Amphetamine and methamphetamine are stimulant drugs that affect the central nervous system. Amphetamines are prescription medications used to treat attention hyperactivity disorder. Methamphetamine, a much more potent version of amphetamine, is usually produced and sold illegally.
Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions are conditions for which good outpatient care can potentially prevent the need for a hospitalization or an emergency department visit, or for which early intervention can prevent complications of more severe disease. Acute ACSC include dehydration, urinary tract infections, and bacterial pneumonia.
The objective of this analysis was to describe Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention among adults in New Mexico and assess A-SBI implementation by alcohol consumption status.
Healthcare-associated infections are recognized as a complication of modern medicine and a source of significant morbidity and mortality among hospitalized individuals. Among the HAIs, Clostridium difficile infection incidence has increased markedly in the past decade and now has become the most common HAI pathogen. Furthermore, Clostridium difficile contributes to health care costs with a recent source estimated the attributable cost to be $3427 to $9960 per episode for acute care hospitals.
This report presents basic birth and death facts for 2014 with comparisons to national data. The New Mexico statistics in this report are based on information from birth and death certificates collected since 1918 by the Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics.
This analysis describes Traumatic Brain Injury hospitalization rates to inform prevention efforts around TBI mortality and morbidity, specifically in the American Indians and Alaskan Natives population of New Mexico. The goal of this analysis is to provide an epidemiological overview of hospitalizations among American Indians and Alaskan Native persons within New Mexico.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 117 million adults in the United States had one or more chronic conditions in 2012. Among chronic diseases, diabetes is of particular concern as it affects an estimated 29.1 million individuals annually in the United States. Diabetes results from inadequate secretion of insulin or the inability of tissues to respond to insulin, which causes an excess of glucose in the bloodstream.
Drug overdose is a major public health problem in the United States, with death rates having tripled since 1991. Prescription drugs, particularly opioids, account for much of this increase. In 2013, the most recent national data available, New Mexico ranked third in drug overdose death, with an age-adjusted rate of 22.6 deaths per 100,000 population.
In the United States and New Mexico, occupational-related fatalities remain of great concern. This report presents 2013 workplace fatalities in New Mexico and comparisons with 2013 national data and 2012 state data
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a poisonous, colorless, nonirritating gas that you cannot see, smell, or taste. CO is generated from the combustion of carbon-based fuels, such as gasoline, kerosene, oil, propane, coal, or wood.
In this analysis, a 30-day hospital readmission rate was calculated for homeless patients. A multivariate regression analysis was conducted to determine patient and visit characteristics that increased the odds of a readmission.
In 2013, the Southeast region of New Mexico had a hospitalization rate for psychosis that was more than 80% higher than any other region. This analysis utilized Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data, a dataset maintained by the New Mexico Department of Health, and included inpatient discharges from hospitals located in New Mexico.
This report will compare alcohol poisoning rates for New Mexico to those for the United States in order to support the development of policies and public health interventions in New Mexico.
The data on pedestrian and pedal cycle deaths were obtained from the Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics. All residents with an ICD-10 underlying cause of death code in the range V01-V19 were included in the analysis.
This report addresses fall-related deaths, hospitaliza-tions and emergency department visits among New Mexico adults who are aged 65 years or older. The number and rate of fall-related injury deaths, hos-pitalizations and ED visits among NM residents were calculated for this report.
Influenza sentinel provider surveillance was instituted by the New Mexico Department of Health during the 1990-1991 season. Data are collected on outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) to track the annual influenza season; ILI is defined as temperature of > 100° F and cough and/or sore throat in a patient with no other explainable cause for these signs and symptoms.
When wildfires strike, accompanying smoke can result in poor air quality that can impact the health of New Mexicans. The drought conditions spanning the past several summers have made New Mexico vulnerable to wildfire. Neighboring states have also experienced drought and wildfires, which can impact the air quality in New Mexico.